A Plethora of Pansies
- These gorgeous flowers are edible! Toss these minty-flavored delicacies onto your salads or desserts
- The Pansy symbolizes Love and Remembrance. The French word, “Pensee” means Thought or Remembrance.
- The Pansy has three color patterns visibly apparent and unique.
- The single colors without patterns are most often yellow and blue.
- Black lines radiating from the center of the flower.
- The most known are complex colors: Dark splotches from the center create a face-like appearance and this variety is often a tri-colored flower.
- Not all Pansies have a scent, however, Yellow and Blue Pansies possess the strongest scent.
- These colorful flowers can be used as a natural dye.
- Did you know Pansy petals are often used in potpourri?
- Pansies have the distinction as the birth month flower for February. Purple pansies are popular, and early bloomers to celebrate this month and align with the birthstone color of amethyst.
- Historically acknowledged, the Pansy is one of the oldest cultivated flowers.
- Winter pansies are best planted in the fall or late fall or winter and will bloom in spring, but may fade when exposed to high temperatures.
Pansies are versatile, hardy, and generally resistant to pests. However, in the Panhandle area, deer love to feast on these blooms and some damage may come from herbivorous creatures such as mealybugs, snails, rabbits, or slugs (Slugs thrive upon decayed foliage). Another option, placing used coffee grounds on the soil helps repel slugs that do not like caffeinated soil. To reduce access to these pests, surround the plant with gravel or mulch.
A Plethora of Pansies
Chrysanthemum – or “mums” – come in a wide range of varieties but all originated from the same parent flower in China. Nowadays they can all be categorized into two types of mums: florist and garden. Florist mums are grown in greenhouses and used for cutting – as the name implies – by florists. These are the ones you can buy at the store for bouquets and indoor plants. Garden mums, on the other hand, are the hardier of the two. These can can survive winters by producing underground stolens and thrive as perennials.
When adding mums to your garden, find a spot that gets about six hours of sun a day. While mums do love the full sun, that heat means they will need plenty of water – especially if you live in an area with warm autumns. Both florist and garden mums also make great potted plants, either alone or with other autumn blooms. Their variety of colors make for rich floral combinations!
Watering your chrysanthemums once a day or every other day is sufficient unless they are located in a very hot and sunny location. Do not pour water through the dense blooms, it’s better to water the soil at the base directly. When repotting, it’s a good idea to soak the soil in the new pot completely. If the soil gets dry or they start to wilt, don’t worry, mums are hardy plants and revive well after watering again.
Mums are some of the most well-known heralds of autumn. These flowers bloom practically everywhere once the summer blossoms start to fade away making them fall favorites. Mums are hardy blossoms that can withstand colder temperatures – down to 20° Fahrenheit – but prefer the 60-70° Fahrenheit range. They don’t do well in hotter summer temperatures though – anything over 90° Fahrenheit.
Mums grow well in both potting soil and soilless mixtures. The flower’s soil should be moist, not dry, and well-drained. If the soil isn’t draining properly, you can add compost. Soilless misxtured should provide good drainage, such as one made from peat moss, perlite, and coarse builder’s sand. If you’re planting them in your garden, plant the mums in raised beds with a well-draining garden soil mix.
Due to their pungent scent, mums are not particularly tasty to deer and the usual rodent pests. They are actually good at keeping animals out of your garden. While, mums produce the natural compound pyrethrin which keeps many insects away, there are some bugs you should watch for: aphids, mites, and leaf miner larva. To help prevent pests, you should be careful not to wet the leaves while watering and weed your garden regularly. If the mums are indoors, make sure the air isn’t too dry or too cool.